Murder Rate in Canada [Statistical Analysis]
Various crime rates in Canada have been increasing since the last decade. However, the Canadian government is trying its best to reduce the crime rates.
Many violent incidents are leading to numerous involuntary manslaughters. However, if you want to get an overview of all these, this article is for you.
This article aims to generate an overall murder rate in Canada with a special focus on Regina. But before that, let’s know about different types of killings and their differences.
Understanding Different type of Killings
People often use words like homicide, murder, or manslaughter interchangeably. However, in the legal framework, there are slight but solid differences between them.
Below you will know the differences among these three and be able to use them appropriately.
What is homicide?
In short, every type of killing of a human by another human being is labeled as a homicide. It can be rational, irrational, planned, unintentional, or whatsoever. Generally, homicide refers to the act and incident of ending someone’s life by another person.
What is Murder?
Murder is a homicide as well. Generally, murder is an intentional killing of another human being unlawful. According to the laws in Canada, murder can be first-degree or second-degree murder.
First Degree Murder
A homicide that takes place with an intent to kill and with prior preparation and plan is first-degree murder. Line 231 (2) of the Criminal Code states that it is a “planned and deliberate” act of eliminating a human life.
However, according to 231 (4), regardless of the motivation of a homicide [deliberate nor unintentional], the following cases will be considered an act of 1st-degree murder:
- Killing a cop or any other peace officer
- Neutralizing a prison worker, both permanent and temporary
- Killing for terrorist activity
- Murdering someone benefits organized crime groups
Second Degree Murder
Second-degree murder is attacking someone with the intent to kill but without any pre-plan.
Each second-degree murder is very similar to first-degree murder. The only difference is the absence of a deliberate attempt.
What is Manslaughter?
Manslaughter is also third-degree murder. It happens when a person kills another person in the act of defending himself or accidentally. Manslaughter is unplanned and unintentional homicide. There are two types of manslaughters: a). voluntary manslaughter, and b). involuntary manslaughter.
In this case, the accused is charged with hitting or attacking the victim with no intent to kill but hurt. However, the result of the action caused the victim’s life. The use of firearms or other lethal weapons is considered an act of voluntary manslaughter, and the punishment is extreme.
In this scenario, the accused did not want to hurt the victim, but his/her action unexpectedly caused the victim’s life. Involuntary manslaughter will face the least severe punishment.
Current picture of homicidal crime rates in Regina, Canada
Crimes and murders in various provinces are showing an upward tendency. The tables below illustrate statistical analysis related to murders in Canada.
|Number of homicide causalities||616||667||660||687||743|
|Rate per 100,000 population|
|Homicides per 100,000 people||1.71||1,83||1,78||1.83||1.95|
Source: Table 35-10-0068-01 Number, rate, and percentage changes in rates of homicide victims.
According to the latest statistics, Regina is still the homicide capital in Canada. Regina is at the top of the worst homicide rate that is 3.8 per 100,000 people. But that does not mean Regina is an unsafe place to live. The city authority is working to make it safer.
The murder rate in Canada is getting high. At the same time, various provinces are showing fluctuating rates of homicides. That means the homicide rate has been going up and down over the years.
Therefore, you should not worry about moving to live anywhere in Canada. On the bright side, the government and local authorities are trying to make each city as safe as possible. Also, the lawyers are helping people with legal advice and other ways.
See more: How Do I Know What to Charge People for My Handyman Service?